An Eclectic Group of Overachievers
Our definitions first: In this blog we’re talking about all-wheel drive cars or car-based sport utility vehicles (SUVs) also known as crossover utility vehicles (CUVs). Some might call them the modern station wagon. They’re designed for hauling people and stuff to destinations that either require the added traction of all-wheel drive or maybe just offer some adding confidence for drivers. They are not off-road machines, though most are more than capable of leaving pavement behind. Here’s the latest tally of fuel efficiency that is taking hold in this segment.
What you’ll see here is a grab bag of models with a great range of price, technology and function. This used to be territory that Subaru owned. All-wheel drive car and fuel economy in the same sentence almost always took you to Subaru. Not any more as the choices have expanded. You’ll have to sort out for yourself which one (or ones) work best for your. What is clear is all of these models are solid members of Clean Fleet Report’s AWD 30 MPG Club. In fact, there are several additional members of this growing club who didn’t make the cut here. We looked at the best fuel economy (mpg or mpge in the case of plug-in cars); sometimes that came in the city, sometimes on the highway and sometimes in the EPA combined mpg number.
Finally, this list is going to keep changing as it is one of the fastest growing and most competitive segments in the auto industry. Fuel economy is going to keep improving and companies are going to keep finding new ways to get there.
The Top 10 All-Wheel Drive Cars
1. Tesla Model S – 100-103 MPGe
Tesla leads the pack with its sedan, which in all-wheel drive trim has a “D” affixed to its nomenclature, as in dual-motor. Currently the company offers four AWD models, the 60D, 75D, 90D and P95D, all indicating ascending power levels. The Model S has established itself as the icon of the pure electric vehicle movement, garnering praise from enthusiast publications like Motor Trend as well as more practically oriented ones like Consumer Reports. It has the power; it has the panache. All is asks is–do you have the cash. The 60D starts at $71,000 while the P95D (with optional Ludicrous Speed–Google it) starts at $109,500. According to the 100,000 or so owners, its worth every penny. The all-wheel drive versions make sure all that electric power reaches the ground efficiently. The fuel economy is in miles-per-gallon equivalent, the conversion of its electric mode into an energy equivalent of a gallon of gasoline. Not terribly useful for those of us driving in the real world. The number you care about is range on a full charge, which in the Model S goes from 218 miles for the 60D to 294 for the 90D.
2. Tesla Model X – 89-93 MPGe
The latest addition to the Tesla stable is an all-wheel drive only quasi-SUV. Underneath its similar to the Model S so results are similar. It comes in three models–75D, 90D and P90D. Range is from 237 to 257 on a full charge for this heavier model. Pricing runs from $83,000 to $115,500 for the basic models (yes, there are options that can be added!). These are not vehicles for the faint of wallet, but they promise quiet speed and all-wheel-drive capability along with seven-passenger capacity. Oh, and falcon-wing doors.
3. BMW X5 xDrive 40e – 56 MPGe
We had a chance to drive this car recently and will have a full road test up soon, but here’s the quick summary. You know guilt-free premium chocolate; this is it in SUV form. Plug it in overnight and run 14 miles on electricity only. After that an efficient 2.0-liter gas engine kicks in. The power is substantial and you may need it if you load this beast up with a full seven passengers. Even running on the gas engine this is one big, quiet machine that delivers everything you’ve come to expect from a BMW–exhilerating performance, precise handling, admirable craftsmanship and a full contingent of technology. It comes at a price, though, with the first plug-in BMW SUV starting at $62,100.
4. Volvo XC90 T8 – 53 MPGe
We have driven this, Volvo’s first plug-in wagon (if you don’t count the engine block heaters on cold-weather models). Although it was a short drive, we came away impressed with the whole
package. Like the BMW, the electric only driving range is short (17 miles), but the efficiency boost is substantial. Also like the BMW, the whole package of the Volvo XC90 is impressive. It can haul seven passengers in luxurious comfort and moves quickly and quietly to any destination you point it towards. The Volvo XC90 T8 model starts at $68,100, which seems to be the new sweet sport for big plug-ins with all-wheel-drive.
5. BMW 328d xDrive – 43 MPG Hwy
The BMW 328d xDrive Sportswagon we tested really hit a sweet spot trifecta–all-wheel-drive, wagon, diesel fuel economy. With the heavier wagon configuration, the EPA numbers top out at only 40 mpg. If you opt for the all-wheel drive 328d sedan, you should be able to easily beat the EPA’s 43 mpg mark since we could hit that in the wagon. Packing a four-cylinder diesel, the 328d in any form delivers solid on-road performance and the expected slick handling. The details inside and out mark this as a luxury performance car. Prices for the sedan start at $34,145; the wagon begins at $44,150, but it’s easy to load $15,000 of options on top of that.
6. Mercedes-Benz E250 Bluetec 4Matic – 38 MPG Hwy
The Mercedes on this list is a bit of a sleeper. Like the BMW 328d, it’s a diesel, which accounts for its great fuel economy. In the U.S., the sedan is the only high-mileage all-wheel-drive model available from Mercedes. You can get an all-wheel-drive coupe, but only with a gasoline engine that maxes out at 29 mpg. Europe, of course, has many more options available. The Bluetec sedan starts at $55,150 and comes with a 2.0-liter turbodiesel engine that puts out power comparable to a V6. It’s mated to a seven-speed transmission. The only catch is this is a 2016 model and Mercedes 2017 models introduced so far have not included a diesel option.
7. *Audi A6 Quattro TDI – 38 MPG Hwy
This one comes with a caveat. You can’t get it right now. Volkswagen, the parent company of Audi, has pulled all of its diesel off of the market until a fix for some bad software is approved by the U.S. EPA and CARB (see our update on the latest settlement here). When it’s back on the market, the popular 3.0-liter turbodiesel engine (which is found in the A6 sedan and A7 sedan-coupe) delivers the power of a V8 for the five-passenger models while offering fuel economy that can push 40 mpg. When it was available, the 2015 Audi A6 TDI started at $60,975 and the A7 TDI was at $72,875, a hefty premium over the comparable gas models, but with almost twice the fuel economy. Audi has said it is working on plug-in versions of the both gas and diesel models, which will bump Audi up into the BMW/Volvo range of MPGe.
8. Subaru Impreza – 37 MPG Hwy
Subaru used to own this category. All of its cars are all-wheel drive, and they get reasonable fuel economy. But, while Subaru made incremental improvements to its boxer engines, the companies listed above moved on to newer technologies and are delivering leaps in fuel economy. Subaru continues to hold a solid place on this list and should be commended for continuing to offer its great and popular cars. The Impreza is the entry-level Subaru, a compact with a reputation for performance in its WRX model and durability and functionality in its more pedestrian 2.0-liter models, which of course are the ones that deliver the best fuel economy. Subaru is to be commended for its continual improvement and focus since it sells a whole lot more of cars–and at reasonable prices–than any of the others on this list. Just to reinforce that, the Impreza starts at $18,295 for its 2.0-liter models, which come in sedan and hatchback configurations in three trim levels, but all are capable of hitting 37 mpg on the highway. We’ve haven’t tested an Impreza in some time, but hope to get back behind the wheel soon.
9. BMW 535d xDrive – 37 MPG Hwy
This is a testament to what diesel engines do well-they move things efficiently. Even an all-wheel-drive car as big as a 5-Series BMW sedan. We were impressed with the four-cylinder diesel in the 3-Series when we tested it, so you can imagine the power delivered by an inline turbocharged 3.0-liter diesel. Well, you don’t have to imagine it; the specs are 255 horsepower and 413 lb-ft of torque. To have that kind of power in a good-handling sedan that also gives you this kind of highway fuel economy. Let’s just say it’s $66,795 that you’ll appreciate spending every time you get behind the wheel.
10. Subaru Legacy – 36 MPG Hwy
The bigger Subaru, the midsize Legacy, offers more space and almost as good fuel economy as its little brother. We have to add a little caveat to this recommendation. The 36 mpg highway figure applies to the 2016 Legacy only. When the 2017 model came out, those numbers dropped to 34 mpg for the 2.5-liter-equipped model. Still good, but down a bit. The Legacy is available in four different trim levels starting at $21,995, all with the same 175-horsepower boxer engine. Its loyal following has made it the best-selling of the Subaru car models (which trail its crossover models).
Almost in the Top 10: Toyota RAV4 Hybrid AWD (34 MPG City), Subaru XV Crosstrek Hybrid (34 MPG Hwy) , BMW X3 xDrive28d (34 MPG Hwy)
Many more are bubbling just below this mark, including hybrids, plug-in hybrids, diesels and very efficient gasoline models. The choices seem to just get better for U.S. car buyers, even if they need an all-wheel drive model. With fuel economy a given, it now becomes a matter of matching your pocket pocket and specific needs with the vehicles that are available. We’ve got more road tests of these vehicles coming up soon, and we expect more cars to be joining this crowd in the coming months.
Best AWD and 4WD Mileage
For millions that face snow and icy roads 10, 20, or even 40 percent of the year, a car or SUV must safely navigate dangerous conditions and still deliver good fuel economy. Winter storms and gasoline approaching $4 per gallon in remote locations make these dual demands more important.
A four-wheel drive provides better traction on ice by delivering power to all four wheels when the driver selects 4WD. All wheel drive vehicles (AWD) automatically deliver power to all wheels. Winter and mountain safety is further improved with snow tires or good all-weather radials. Added vehicle weight can help. Now you can have AWD and 4WD cars and SUVs that still deliver good fuel economy. Whether you are taking your kids to school in Chicago, getting to work in Washington D.C., or running a taxi fleet in New York, an AWD may help you through the storm.
Is AWD really safer? You will have better traction starting from a parked position in snow and ice with less wheel spinning. The traction may provide better handling while driving. AWD is some states can allow you to legally drive without putting on chains, while others must pullover and add them. There is no guarantee that AWD will help you stop any faster. Only you can decide if all wheel drive is worth the added purchase price and fuel cost compared to crossovers and sedans that get better mileage, increasingly over 40 miles per gallon.
This list was developed by first searching the U.S. EPA and DOE’s valuable fueleconomy.gov, then reviewing details on the vehicle maker websites. EPA combined miles per gallon rating is based on 45 percent highway/55 percent city driving although the typical American driver actually drives the opposite (55 highway/45 city). so the high highway numbers of the cars cited are significant. Of course when electricity enters the equation, sensitivity to speed, terrain and temperature increases so, as is always true–your mileage will vary!
Own or Rent an AWD – John Addison
The average U.S. household has two cars. A growing trend is to put the most miles on the car with great fuel economy and have a larger second vehicle for trips with passengers and tough road conditions.
We expect more premium and mainstream AWD plug-in hybrids from Audi and BMW and others. Mitsubishi may be the first with an affordable AWD plug-in hybrid, if and when its Outlander model ever reaches these shores.
Instead of spending a small fortune to own a vehicle that gets you through the worst day of the year, consider what best meets your needs 350 days per year. When I lived in New Hampshire, I got along fine without AWD, driving my Saab with good all weather radial tires. Now living in California, my Prius did surprisingly well during the few days each year that I was on bad winter roads in the mountain, although I sometimes went through the hassle of putting on chains. When we needed an SUV for the 2002 Winter Olympics, we rented a Ford Escape 4WD and were glad that we did. Consider renting an AWD if you rarely face icy roads.
When that 100-year storm hits, relax. Schools are closed and you can work at home that day. Lots of room and premium comfort.
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